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Lesson 1 - Greetings

Lily:
 
Konnichi-wa.
 
Romaji
   
Good afternoon. (Hello.)
 
English
 
こんにちは。
 
Kana
   
今日は。
 
Kanji
   
Good afternoon.
 
Literal
         
Asami:
 
Konnichi-wa.
 
Romaji
   
Good afternoon. (Hello.)
 
English
   
こんにちは。
 
Kana
   
今日は。
 
Kanji
   
Good afternoon.
 
Literal
       
Lily:
 
Watashi-wa Lily desu. Anata-no namae-wa nan desu-ka?
 
Romaji
   
I am Lily. What is your name?
 
English
   
わたしはりりーです。あなたのなまえはなんですか?
 
Kana
   
私はリリーです。あなたの名前は何ですか?
 
Kanji
   
I Lily am. Your name what is?
 
Literal
       
Asami:
 
Watashi-no namae-wa Asami desu.
 
Romaji
   
My name is Asami.
 
English
   
わたしのなまえはあさみです。
 
Kana
   
私の名前はあさみです。
 
Kanji
   
My name Asami is.
 
Literal
       
Lily:
 
Yoroshiku onegai shimasu.
 
Romaji
   
Nice to meet you.
 
English
   
よろしくおねがいします。
 
Kana
   
宜しくお願いします。
 
Kanji
   
Please take care of me.
 
Literal
       
Asami:
 
Yoroshiku onegai shimasu.
 
Romaji
   
Nice to meet you.
 
English
   
よろしくおねがいします。
 
Kana
   
宜しくお願いします。
 
Kanji
   
Please take care of me.
 
Literal
         


Vocabulary

Japanese (romaji)
English
Japanese (kana)
Japanese (kanji)
konnichi-wa
good afternoon
こんにちは
今日は
watashi
I
わたし
anata
you
あなた
desu
is (positive)
です
desu-ka
is (interrogative)
ですか
namae
name
なまえ
名前
-wa
topic particle
は (written: ha)
-no
posessive particle
nan
what
なん


Cultural notes

As in other languages, greetings in Japanese depend on the time of the day.

Ohayoo gozaimas'
Good morning
おはようございます
お早うございます
Literally, it means "it is early". If used informally, the second word can be dropped: "ohayo".
Konnichiwa
Good day
こんにちは
今日は
Literally, it means "as of this day". It is used in a similar timeframe as "good afternoon" in English.
Konbanwa
Good evening
こんばんは
今晩は
Literal translation: "As for this evening".
Oyasumi nasai
Good night
おやすみなさい
お休みなさい
It can be used when leaving at night. Literally it could be translated as "please take a rest".
Sayonara
Good bye
さようなら
左様なら
It is the most common formal farewell phrase. Literally it can be translated as "if that's the way it is". It is used when departing for a longer period.

 

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